Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.

Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals

Human rights” includes all individual rights, whether civil, political, social, economic or cultural, which are guaranteed or protected by any of the following international instruments:

(a) the Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
(b) the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;
(c) the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights;
(d) the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights;
(e) the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;
(f) the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punish